Thyroid Disorders

What is a Thyroid Gland and What Does It Do?

The Thyroid Gland is a butterfly shaped organ that releases T3 and T4 Hormones. The body’s metabolic rate is how quickly the cells in your body use the energy stored within them and Thyroid hormones tell the cells to use more eneBoulder Endocrinologyrgy. By controlling how much energy our cells use, thyroid hormones also help to regulate our body temperature. Thyroid hormones also play a role in making proteins and increase the use of the body’s fat and glucose stores.

Problems with the thyroid gland affect either the function of the thyroid, the structure of the thyroid, or both. Problems with the function include hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) and hypothyroidism (under active thyroid). Problems with structure include goiter (enlarged thyroid) and nodules (abnormal lumps in the thyroid).

How are Thyroid Problems Diagnosed and Treated?

Thyroid conditions can be diagnosed by blood testing, x-ray imaging, biopsies or other tests. We use state of the art ultrasound technology to evaluate and treat thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer. We offer a wide range of treatment options that we monitor and adjust according to a person’s individual response.

For more information on specific Thyroid and Parathyroid Conditions, diagnoses, and treatment options please visit our Patient Library.